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Check-Ups and Tests to Get During Pregnancy
Pregnancy is a crucial time period when you have to be careful about your health. Regular prenatal checkups are very important to keep a track of your and the baby’s health. These regular checkups and tests ensure that both the mother and the baby are healthy. It monitors the growth and development of the fetus and keeps you informed about the complication during pregnancy and the delivery process, if any.
Regular Checkup Schedule
Pregnancy (in weeks) Checkup Plan 4 – 28 Once a Month 28 – 36 Twice a Month 36 – birth Weekly
Your First Visit to the Doctor
It is always better to fix an appointment with a doctor you are already familiar with. It helps in maintaining the level of comfort between you and your doctor. Generally, the first visit involves lots of interaction. Your doctor may ask you questions regarding your lifestyle, relationships, health habits, etc. He may also discuss with you about pregnancy stages, pregnancy diet, etc. The doctor may conduct some physical examinations and tests like breast examination, pelvic examination, cervical examination, blood test, Pap test, etc. Ultra Sounds and Urine Tests are also conducted to check on if there is any sign of health problems in baby or would-be mother. He may also check your blood pressure, weight and calculate your pregnancy due date.
The subsequent prenatal checkups may include measuring abdomen to check baby’s growth, check baby’s heart rate, etc. You may also go through some tests throughout pregnancy to check on your baby’s healthy growth and development.
There are certain tests which a would-be mother has to undergo to ensure the safety of the fetus. Most of the tests are common for every expectant whereas some are recommended by the doctor on the basis of age, personal or family health history, ethnic background, the results of routine tests etc. Some of the common prenatal tests are:
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS), First Trimester Screen, Amniocentesis and Maternal Serum Screen (AFP) help in diagnosing the high risk of chromosomal disorders like Down syndrome and trisomy 18 and Neural tube defects such as spina bifida.
Glucose Challenge Screening and Glucose Tolerance Test help in detecting the risk of gestational diabetes to the pregnant mother and the baby.
Non-Stress Test (NST) is conducted to track the unborn baby’s health. Whether the baby is getting enough oxygen or showing any symptoms of distress.
Group B Streptococcus Infection test is taken to check for the bacteria that can cause pneumonia or serious infection in newborn.
Pregnancy (in weeks) Checkup Plan 10 – 14
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)
First Trimester Screen
14 – 20
Maternal Serum Screen (AFP)
24 – 28
Glucose Challenge Screening
Glucose Tolerance Test
After 28th week Non-Stress Test (NST) 35 – 37 Group B Streptococcus Infection
All these tests are very important to keep a track of your baby’s healthy growth. So, make sure you don’t miss any of them.